Correctly recognize several food additives

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Hoʻomaopopo pololei i nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai

Mea hoʻoponopono acid: momona a ʻono nō iaʻu

I mea e loaʻa ai ka meaʻai me ke kala maikaʻi, ʻono, a me nā mea ʻono, pono nui ka ʻono ʻana i ka meaʻai. ʻO ka mea hoʻoponopono acid kahi ʻano mea ʻala, i kapa ʻia he ʻākena ʻawaʻawa. Hiki i ka hoʻohui ʻana i nā mea ʻawaʻawa i ka meaʻai ke hāʻawi i ka poʻe i kahi stimulus hōʻoluʻolu, hoʻonui i ka makemake, a loaʻa kahi hopena antiseptic.

Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ia i ka acid inorganic a me ka acid acid. ʻO ka waikawa inorganic i hoʻohana pinepine ʻia i ka meaʻai ka phosphoric acid, a ʻo nā waikawa i hoʻohana maʻamau ʻia:ʻakika citric, ʻakika lactic, acid acid, tartaric acid, waikawa malic, waikawa fumaric, waikawa ascorbic, gluconic acid, etc.

Hiki i ka waikawa phosphoric ke pani i ka waikawa citric a me ka waikawa malic i ka ʻoihana inu, ʻoiai he agena ʻawaʻawa i nā mea inu ʻole hua ʻole kahi kūpono ʻole o ka waikawa citric. Hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻokele pH i ka ʻoihana hana, a ma ke ʻano he mea hū ka hū i ka hale hū e hoʻolaulaha i ka ulu ʻana o nā pūnaʻi nukelea. Hiki nō ke hoʻohana pū ʻia me nā antioxidants i loko o nā momona holoholona, ​​a hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia i mea e hoʻomālamalama ai ka wai sucrose i ke kaʻina hana kō.

Aia ka waikawa Citric i nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona a me ka waiū, a ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o nā hua citrus. ʻO ka waikawa citric crystalline he keʻokeʻo aniani keʻokeʻo a i ʻole ʻeleʻele aniani keʻokeʻo. He aniani kala ʻole ke kala ʻaila anhydrous citric a i ʻole he paukū keʻokeʻo, ʻaʻohe ʻaʻala a me ka ʻono ʻole. ʻO ka waikawa Citric ka mea nui a maʻalahi hoʻi i ka mea awaawa. He kiʻekiʻe solubility a me ka ikaika chelating hiki i ka hao iona. Ma waho aʻe o ka hoʻohana ʻia ʻana ma ke ʻano he ʻawaʻawa awaawa i nā meaʻai, hoʻohana pū ʻia ka waikawa citric ma ke ʻano he preservative, synergist antioxidant, nā mea hoʻomaʻemaʻe pH, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e like me nā pono hana maʻamau, a ADI palena ʻole.

Ua loaʻa mua ka wai lika i ka yogurt, no laila ka inoa. Hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia ka acid acid lactic (50% maʻiʻo) ma ke ʻano he mea awaawa i nā mea inu momona, nā mea inu yogurt, ka waina synthetic, ka vīnega synthetic, nā mea ʻono soy, pickles, a pēlā aku. o nā mea ʻono, akā loaʻa pū ka hopena o ka pale ʻana i ka ulu ʻana o ka bacteria.

Aia i loko o nā ʻāpala ka malic acid, no laila ka inoa. He ʻono ʻawaʻawa palupalu kona a lōʻihi ka lōʻihi. I ke kumumanaʻo, hiki iā ia ke hoʻololi a pau paha i ka hapanui o ka citric acid i hoʻohana ʻia i ka meaʻai a me nā mea inu. Ma lalo o ke kūlana o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka hopena like, ʻo ka mahele maʻamau he 8% -12% ʻoi aku ma mua o ka citric acid (hapa nui). I ka mea nui, hoʻohana ʻia ka waikawa malic i loko o nā meaʻai me ka huaʻono, nā mea inu ʻona, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, hiki ke hoʻomaikaʻi maikaʻi i kāna ʻono hua. Ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, hoʻohana mau ʻia ka malic acid i nā meaʻai hou. ʻO ka nui o ka nui e like me nā pono hana maʻamau, a ʻaʻole pono ʻo ADI i nā rula kūikawā.

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Mea mālama: E palekana i nā kau ʻehā a me nā mea lawe mua

ʻO nā mālama mālama, e like me ka inoa e hōʻike nei, he mau mea hoʻohui meaʻai i hoʻohana ʻia e mālama i nā mea pala e like me nā mea kanu, nā huaʻai, a me nā ʻiʻo hou. Ma muli o ka mālama ʻana, ʻo ka sausage ham, nā sausages, nā ʻiʻo moa kuke ʻia a me nā meaʻai ʻē aʻe i kūʻai ʻia aku i ka supermarket hiki ke mālama i kā lākou ʻono no ka manawa lōʻihi; ma muli o ka preservative, hiki iā mākou ke ʻai i ka mamao mamao i lawe ʻia mai nā wahi ʻē aʻe a puni ka makahiki. Nā huaʻai a me nā huaʻai hou.

ʻO nā mea mālama i hoʻohana mau ʻia no ka meaʻai e komo pū me ka benzoic acid, butylhydroxyanisole a me dibutylhydroxytoluene. I waena o lākou, he mālama mālama maikaʻi ʻo butyl hydroxyanisole, a ʻaʻole ia he mea ʻawahia i loko o ka palena palena papaha. ʻAʻole ʻoi aku ka nui o kāna ana i ka meaʻai ma mua o 0.2 g / kg e pili ana i ka momona. Ke 0.02% kona ana, ʻoi aku ia ma mua o 0.01%. Hoʻonui ʻia ka hopena antioxidant e 10%. Ma ke ʻano he antioxidant hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka momona, kūpono ʻia ka butylated hydroxyanisole no nā meaʻai aila a me nā meaʻai momona. Ma muli o kona kūpaʻa wela maikaʻi, hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia ma lalo o ka palai ʻana a i ʻole nā ​​ʻano hana hoʻomoʻa ʻana.

I nā makahiki i hala iho nei, ua hoʻokipa nui ka noiʻi ʻana e pili ana i nā mea mālama kūlohelohe mai nā ʻepekema mai nā wahi a puni o ka honua, a nui ka nui o nā huahana mālama kūlohelohe e hoʻokipa nui ʻia e ka poʻe, e like me nā polyphenols kī, nā wikamina E maoli, polylysine a me chitosan.

No nā huaʻai a mākou e kūʻai ai i ko mākou ola i kēlā me kēia lā, ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea inā lōʻihi e hoʻohana pololei nā ʻoihana i nā preservatives, ʻaʻole hopohopo nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana.

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Nā Preservatives: hoʻonui i ke ola o ka meaʻai

Hiki i nā mea mālama meaʻai ke kāohi i ka hana microbial, pale i ka meaʻai mai ka hōʻino ʻana a me ka hōʻino ʻana, a laila hoʻonui i ka ola o nā meaʻai. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā mea inu a me nā meaʻai pūʻolo e makemake e mālama no kahi manawa lōʻihi, a hoʻohui pinepine ʻia nā mea mālama meaʻai. E pili ana i ke olakino o kānaka, ʻo nā mea mālama meaʻai ka mea i kapu loa ʻia ma waena o nā ʻano mālama like ʻole.

Ua ʻae wale koʻu ʻāina ma mua o 30 mau mālama mālama ʻai i ʻae ʻia, ʻo ia mau mea āpau he mea ʻawaʻawa a palekana hoʻi. Ma mua o kā lākou ʻae ʻia no ka hoʻohana ʻana, ua hana lākou i kahi nui o nā hoʻokolohua ʻepekema, e like me ka hānai ʻana i nā holoholona, ​​nā mea ʻona a me nā hoʻokolohua hoʻowalewale a me ka ʻike ʻana, a ua hōʻoia ʻia ʻaʻole lākou e hana i kekahi mea ʻino, subakō a i ʻole ʻeha mau i ke kino o ke kanaka.

Hoʻohana mau ʻia nā benzoic acid, sodium benzoate, sorbic acid, pāheona sorbate, pālolo propionate, etc. I nā makahiki i hala aku nei, ua hoʻomaka nā mea mālama i nā meaʻai e hoʻomohala i ke ala o ka palekana, ka meaʻai, a me ka hoʻohaumia ʻole. Ua kupu mai nā mea mālama hou e like me glucose, oxidase, protamine, lysozyme, lactic acid bacteria, chitosan, pectin decomposition huahana, a pēlā aku. A ʻae ʻia no ka hoʻohana ʻia e ka mokuʻāina.

I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻoiai ke ʻano like ʻole, ka nui a me ka laulā o nā mea mālama mea ʻai i hoʻohana ʻia e nā mea hana mea ʻai e kāohi paʻa ʻia i loko o ka laulā i kuhikuhi ʻia i loko o ka pae ʻāina “Standards Sanitary for the Use of Food Additives”, ʻaʻohe mea e pōʻino ai ke olakino kanaka, a hiki i ka poʻe ke hoʻomaha i ka ʻai.

ʻO kahi laʻana, loaʻa mau nā mea ʻai i ʻike ʻia ma ka mākeke i nā preservatives e like me ka potassium sorbate a me ka sodium benzoate. Hoʻohana pinepine ʻia kēia mau mea preservatives i hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka mimi ʻaʻole ma ke kino ma hope o ka lawe ʻia ʻana e ka kino kanaka. Hoʻākoakoa.

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Inā ʻaʻohe mea hoʻohui meaʻai

Inā ʻaʻohe antioxidants-

ʻO nā meaʻai aila, inā he holoholona maoli a me nā momona mea kanu a i ʻole nā ​​meaʻai palai, e hoʻonāukiuki ʻia ma muli o ka hoʻowali ʻana i kahi manawa pōkole. Hiki i nā mea hana ke ʻai wale a kūʻai aku iā lākou. Pono nā mea hoʻokaʻawale e hoʻohou i kā lākou mau papa i kēlā me kēia lā. Lilo nā mea kūʻai aku i ko lākou ʻano palekana. E lilo ka hiki i kahi mamao o ka meaʻai i mea hiki ʻole.

Inā ʻaʻohe hoʻomākaukau o ka enzyme-

ʻO nā pōpō mahu i ʻai ʻia e ka poʻe Kina ʻaʻole e palupalu a ʻono hoʻi e like me lākou i kēia lā. Hiki i nā ʻEulopa ke ʻai i ka palaoa paʻakikī e like me kā lākou i hana ai i ke au waena. ʻO nā mea wale nō i hiki i ka poʻe o ka honua ke hilinaʻi i ko lākou ʻōpū waikawa a me ka lawai.

Inā ʻaʻohe humectant-

ʻO ka sausage Ham, nā sausages, a me nā ʻiʻo moa i hoʻomoʻa ʻia e waiho ai ko mākou papaʻaina, no ka mea ʻo ka nalo ʻana o ka wai maoli i ka wā o ka hana ʻana e ʻono ia e like me ka nau nau; ʻAʻole hiki i ka iʻa, ʻōpae a me nā iʻa kai ʻē aʻe ke māʻona i ka makemake o ka poʻe i uka, no ka mea e nalo ka protein i ke kaʻina mālama anu. ʻO ke Denaturation a me ka hau a me ka nalowale ʻana he kiʻekiʻe; he aha ka mea pōʻino loa e lilo i kā mākou rehydration a ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke ʻai i nā noodles koke.

Inā ʻaʻohe meaʻai stabilizer

I ke kauwela wela, e piha ana kā mākou ipo ʻai momona i ka koena hau i loko o ka pahu hau. Minamina ke ʻai e like me nā pahu hau; he minamina ke hoʻolei; waiū koko, waiu wai huaʻai, yogurt sterilized, nā yogurts i hoʻouluulu ʻia, waiū hana, a pēlā aku. ʻAʻole hiki ke inu ʻia, ʻoiai kaomi mau ʻia ka waiū ma ka mauʻu mauʻu.

Inā ʻaʻohe emulsifier——

Hōʻike ʻia nā phenomena waiū ʻano ʻē i nā mea inu. Maʻalahi ke crystallize i ke kō i nā huahana kokoleka, maʻalahi ʻole ka berena e hoʻāhu, hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka margarine a me nā meaʻai i kēke ʻia mai ka aila a me ka wai, a maʻalahi hoʻi ka ʻie a me ka pīpī a me ka huʻa i ka niho a paʻa i nā niho.

Inā ʻaʻohe mea hana hū-

ʻO nā pōpō mahu i aloha ʻia e ka poʻe ʻākau o ka ʻĀkau, ʻaʻole lākou e makemake e hāʻawi, a me nā pōpō a nā poʻe hema e makemake ai e ʻōlelo maikaʻi. Pono nā poʻe o ka ʻāina āpau e aloha i nā koʻokoʻo palaoa palai i ʻai ʻia no nā makahiki he 900 a ʻoi.

I ka pōkole, inā ʻaʻohe mea hoʻopili i ka meaʻai, ʻaʻohe mea e hoʻomohala nui ʻia ai nā ʻoihana o kēia ao, a ʻaʻohe ola kiʻekiʻe o ke au hou.

Puna: ʻatikala na Food Original


Ka manawa Post: Jul-16-2021